Singapore Internet Watch: Singapore Internet Watch is a group focusing on internet research. Our key focus areas include censorship, surveillance and misinformation. We believe in the need for open data and transparency in studying contentious issues at the intersection of Singapore’s internet and society. Resources I developed with Singapore Internet Watch include Bibliographies on Singapore Internet Studies, Privacy / Security Resources for Civil Society, and Singapore's Blocklist.

POFMA'ed Dataset: POFMA is the Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Act. It is also commonly known as Singapore’s law against online 'fake news'. This continually updated dataset aims to record every instance of the use of this legislation, for reference by academics, media practitioners and the general public. Read the explainer here.


Civil Society Responses to Singapore’s Online “Fake News” Law: My article for the International Journal of Communication argues that Singapore's law against "fake news" is a distinctive form of online censorship likely to have more wide-ranging impacts than censorship as it is traditionally understood.

Applying Social Contract Ethics to Singapore’s Section 377A: My article for Leiden's journal for undergraduate research argues that Singapore’s ethical justifications for 377A is premised upon an understanding of public reason as static, thus enacting principles of justice for an illiberal status quo despite the presence of more just alternatives.

Bridging the Gap Between Counterterrorism Research and Practice Through Game-Based Learning: For the academic research arm of the Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism, I argue that games can play a unique and oft-overlooked role in counter-terrorism.


Comparing Legal and Non-Legal Anti-Misinformation Mechanisms in Singapore: Presentation for the 3rd Multidisciplinary International Symposium on Disinformation in Open Online Media (MISDOOM 2021).


Singapore Samizdat: A monthly newsletter of stories on the media and politics of Singapore — conveyed through data journalism, interactive media and visual storytelling.

7 Ways Singapore Has Changed Because of Covid-19, Explained Through Charts: This article charts the pandemic’s influence on Singapore through unconventional indicators such as search interest and satellite imagery.

Poet rejects arts funding in Singapore amid censorship debate: Yahoo Singapore’s then-leading story on Singaporean artists’ disengagement from the National Arts Council.

Sean Lee's The Garden: An article written as part of the Singapore Biennale Young Art Writers Programme, examining a striking message from a light box and extreme close-up photography.

Entrepot Magazine: A magazine by students of Leiden University’s Campus The Hague I co-founded and edited. Key stories include Strike! (on the national education strike) and Leiden Demands Housing (on the student housing crisis).

Game and Experience Design

Flashpoints: Examining the aftermath of a key incident in the study of terrorism, this narrative places readers in the perspective of key actors as they navigate important dilemmas in the field of counter-terrorism.

Counter-Terrorism After 9/11: A podcast series exploring how counter-terrorism has changed in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks on September 11th, 2001, through interviews with leading experts.

Choose Your Own Singapore: A prize-winning game on Singapore’s alternate histories from self-government to independence — showcased at the Singapore Heritage Festival 2021.

@SGForumBot: A twitter bot that procedurally generates parody Straits Times Forum letters, using only the words found in ST Forum letters.

We, The City: More than anyone else, you are the city. A multiplayer tabletop roleplaying game of belonging outside belonging.